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Agarwal Medical Tourism-Cardiology

CARDIOLOGY

Cardiology

Cardiology deals with the disorders taking place in the human heart. It focuses on the diagnosis and treatments of various heart disorders such as heart failure, congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, and valvular heart disease. At Agarwal Medical Tourism, from the past few years, we have played a crucial role in arranging cardiology treatments in India.

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Sign and Symptoms of Heart Disease:

Symptoms for cardiovascular disease vary depending on the specific condition. However, typical signs and symptoms of heart disease includes:

  • Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort indicating angina
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in legs, arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaws, or back
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea and Fatigue
  • Dizziness or Lightheadedness
  • Extreme Anxiety
  • Sweating, which may be very heavy

Basic Tests To Diagnose Heart Problems

  • Lipid Profile: Lipid Profile is performed to measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides present in your blood. The measurements show an individual’s risk of having a heart attack or other heart diseases. The test typically includes measurements of total cholesterol, Low-Density Lipoprotein(LDL) Cholesterol, High-Density Lipoprotein(HDL) Cholesterol, Non-HDL Cholesterol, and Triglycerides.
  • Electrocardiogram(ECG): An Electrocardiogram(ECG) is a medical procedure to detect heart diseases or heart problems by measuring the electrical activity produced by the heart as it contracts. ECGs of healthy hearts have a characteristic shape. However, if the ECG shows a different shape it could be a heart problem.
  • Echocardiogram: An Echocardiogram(echo) is a graphic outline of a heart’s movement. An echo test is performed to examine the heart’s structure and check how well the heart is functioning. This test helps the surgeon to examine the size and shape of the heart, thickness, and movement of heart walls and to check if there is a tumor/infectious growth around the heart valves.
  • Treadmill  Test: A Treadmill Test(TMT), also known as a cardiac stress test, determines how far your heart can go before an abnormal rhythm or blood flow to the heart muscle drops. It helps the doctor to understand how a heart responds to being pushed. Throughout the treadmill test, your blood pressure, ECG, as well as heart rate, is tracked to evaluate heart health.
  • Computerized Tomography(CT) Angiogram: A Computerized Tomography(CT) angiogram is an imaging test to examine the arteries that supply blood to the heart. It can be used to diagnose the cause of chest pain or other symptoms. A CT angiogram depends on a powerful X-ray machine that produces images of the heart and its blood vessels. 
  • Coronary Angiogram: A coronary angiogram is a medical procedure that uses X-ray imaging to view the heart’s blood vessels. This test is often done to check if there is a restriction in the flow of blood to the heart. 

Some of the Cardiology Treatments that We Offer are:

  • Coronary Angiography: Coronary Angiogram is an X-ray test carried out to find if the coronary arteries are narrowed or blocked and by how much. An angiogram aids the cardiologist to decide if any treatment such as angioplasty or stent, coronary artery bypass surgery or medical therapy is required.
  • Coronary Angioplasty: Angioplasty is performed to widen the constricted blood vessels or remove obstacles primarily the coronary artery. A non-ionic contrast helps the imaging to be of higher clarity. Balloon angioplasty that clears the obstruction with a balloon or placing a metal stent to unblock the blockage is the two techniques of angioplasty.
  • Pacemaker Implant(Single Chamber): Pacemaker is a small device placed in the abdomen or chest to control abnormalities in the heart rhythms. In the Pacemaker Implant Single Chamber, the pacemaker with one lead is connected to one chamber of the heart to treat abnormal heartbeat. The pacemaker with the aid of electrical pulses prompts the heart to beat at a normal pace.
  • Pacemaker Implant(Double Chamber): Pacemaker Implant Double Chamber has two leads, one going into the upper chamber(right atrium) and the other one in the right bottom chamber(ventricle). The pacemaker prompts the heart to beat at a normal pace with the help of electrical pulses.
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft(CABG): The surgical procedure allows adequate blood flow to the heart, also delivering the required nutrients and oxygen to the heart muscle. The bypass graft is collected from the inner chest wall artery or a vein from the leg.
  • Valvuloplasty: Aortic valvuloplasty uses a balloon catheter inside the valve to widen the stenotic aortic valve. The balloon is placed into the aortic valve that is stiff from calcium buildup. The balloon is then inflated to increase the opening size of the valve and improve the blood flow.
  • Peripheral Vascular Treatment: Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a condition in which a build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries limits blood supply to leg muscles. Medication, and sometimes surgery, can be done to improve the blood flow in legs. 
  • Beating heart surgery: Beating heart surgery is a type of coronary bypass surgery performed with contemporary techniques such as the off-pump artery bypass surgery. The surgeon uses complex operating equipment to hold the heart parts while bypassing the obstructed artery in an operative environment that is highly controlled. 
  • Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Surgery: The conventional coronary artery bypass surgery is performed by splitting the sternum to assess the breastbone. Coronary artery disease is treated through this surgery of bypassing the coronary artery. 
  • Thoracic Surgery: In this surgery, operations are performed in the chest region which includes the esophagus, lungs, and chest.  Thoracic surgery involves coronary artery bypass surgery, heart transplant, lung transplant, and removal of cancer-affected parts of the lungs. 
  • Optical Coherence Tomography: A light-based catheter is used to obtain an image of the interior of a blood vessel. This treatment is based on intravascular imaging technology that offers a micron-scale resolution.
  • Heart valve surgery: It is a treatment for heart valve disease which occurs when at least one of the four heart valves fails to function properly. Heart valve surgery includes replacement/repair of affected heart valves. 
  • Emergency cardiac surgery: This surgery is employed in the treatment of cardiac complications caused by aortic aneurysm, arrhythmias, Marfan syndrome( a genetic disorder that causes abnormalities in the cardiovascular system).
  • Keyhole Angioplasty: Keyhole Angioplasty is a good substitute for traditional bypass surgery which usually takes less than an hour to complete. This medical procedure is performed with advanced techniques, modernized drug-eluting stents and intravascular ultrasound allowing the surgeon to view the interior of the arteries from a virtual perspective.

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